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燃油锅炉燃烧过程SO2的生成与排放特征
Generation and emission characteristics of SO2 from fuel oil combustion in boilers
投稿时间:2009-01-05  修订日期:2009-03-01
DOI:
中文关键词:  燃油锅炉  二氧化硫  排放因子  排放特征
英文关键词:oil-fired boiler  sulfur dioxide  emission factor  emission characteristics
基金项目:环境保护部第一次全国污染源普查工业污染源产排污系数核算项目
作者单位
姚芝茂 中国环境科学研究院环境标准研究所北京 100012 
欧阳朝斌 中国环境科学研究院清洁生产与循环经济研究中心北京 100012 
滕云 中国环境科学研究院环境标准研究所北京 100012 
李俊 中国环境科学研究院环境标准研究所北京 100012 
武雪芳 中国环境科学研究院环境标准研究所北京 100012 
段宁 中国环境科学研究院清洁生产与循环经济研究中心北京 100012 
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中文摘要:
      燃料燃烧过程是大气污染物的重要来源之一,对人体健康、空气质量和气候变化产生非常重要的影响。以62台燃油锅炉(≤10.5 MW)的燃料特性分析数据和SO2排放实测数据为基础,通过统计分析方法,研究了燃油燃烧过程中燃油硫含量S和过量空气系数α对硫的转化率、SO2排放因子和排放浓度的影响,获得了基于燃料消耗量、燃料发热量的SO2排放因子EFCEFH以及SO2标态折算浓度CSO2与硫含量S间的关联式。结果表明,在过量空气系数α>1的燃油燃烧过程中,EFCEFHCSO2与燃油硫含量S呈现出显著的线性正相关性,而与过量空气系数α无关,其关系式分别为:EFC=18.86602×SEFH=443.78751×SCSO2=1 509.28337×S;硫转化率η和基于燃料硫含量的SO2排放因子EFS则与燃油硫含量S和过量空气系数α无关,其平均值分别为96.3%和1.93 kg/kg。
英文摘要:
      The combustion of fuels in boilers is one of important sources of air pollutants. It has very important impacts on human health, air quality and climate changes. The impacts of sulphur contents of fuel oil and excess air coefficients on sulphur conversion rates, emission factors and emission concentrations of SO2 were studied by means of statistical analysis method and based on the fuel oil analysis data and the actual test data of SO2 emissions from 62 oil-fired boilers in China,actual capacity of boilers≤10.5 MW. Furthermore, the mathematical relationships of SO2 emission factors based on fuel consumption (EFC)and fuel heating value(EFH),and emission concentrations of SO2(CSO2) converted into standard state and excess air coefficient is 1.2, with sulphur contents were obtained. The results indicate that in fuel oil combustion, excess air coefficients>1, EFC, EFH, and CSO2 present a highly significant positive linear correlation with sulphur contents, and are independent of excess air coefficients. These correlations are EFCC=18.86602×S, EFH=443.78751×S, and CSO2=1 509.28337×S, respectively. Sulphur conversion rates and emission factors based on sulphur content of fuel oil are independent of sulphur contents and excess air coefficients, and their average values are 96.3% and 1.93kg/kg, respectively.
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