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  • 张付申,王磊,夏冬,张军平.废弃高分子聚合物再生转化环境功能材料的研究进展[J].环境工程学报,2017,11(1):12-20.DOI:10.12030/j.cjee.201612122    [点击复制]
  • ZHANG Fushen,WANG Lei,XIA Dong,ZHANG Junping.Research progress on recycling waste polymers into environmental functional materials[J].,2017,11(1):12-20.DOI:10.12030/j.cjee.201612122   [点击复制]
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废弃高分子聚合物再生转化环境功能材料的研究进展
张付申1,2, 王磊1,2, 夏冬1,2, 张军平1,2
0
(1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心固体废弃物处理与资源化实验室, 北京, 100085;2. 中国科学院大学, 北京, 100049)
摘要:
废弃高分子聚合物造成的环境污染问题日益突出,这类废弃物的绿色循环利用近年来备受关注,其中材料化利用是其再生循环的优选途径。概述了废弃高分子聚合物合成环境功能材料的最新研究进展,重点关注噪声污染控制材料、高性能吸水材料、特殊孔材料、吸附材料、催化材料、黏结材料、还原材料和能源转化材料等。介绍了高分子废弃物在这些功能材料合成中发挥的作用、转化方法、材料性能和应用领域,以期为高分子废弃物的高附加值循环利用提供指导。
关键词:  废弃高分子聚合物  环境材料  污染控制  模板碳化
DOI:10.12030/j.cjee.201612122
投稿时间:2016-12-17修订日期:2016-12-19
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(21477151,51278485);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07202-005)
Research progress on recycling waste polymers into environmental functional materials
ZHANG Fushen1,2, WANG Lei1,2, XIA Dong1,2, ZHANG Junping1,2
(1. Department of Solid Waste Treatment and Recycling, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
Abstract:
Environmental pollution caused by waste high molecular polymers is increasingly prominent in recent years. Green recycling of these types of wastes have been paid great attention to and it is believed that materialization is the predominant approach for recycling these wastes. This paper summarized the latest progress on the research of recycling waste high molecular polymers transformation to environmental functional materials. The main focuses were noise pollution control material, high performance water absorbing material, special porous material, adsorption material, catalytic material, adhesive material, reduction material and energy conversion material, etc. Moreover, the role of waste high molecular polymers in the synthesis processes, the transforming methods, and the properties and application fields of these functional materials were introduced. The purpose of this work is to provide guidance for recycling waste high molecular polymers into high value added products.
Key words:  waste high molecular polymer  environmental material  pollution control  template carbonization