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NO2--N和盐度对反硝化除磷及N2O释放的影响
Effects of nitrite and salinity on efficiency of denitrification phosphorus removal system and nitrous oxide emissions
投稿时间:2017-11-27  
DOI:10.12030/j.cjee.201711193
中文关键词:  反硝化除磷  N2O  盐度  NO2--N
英文关键词:denitrifying dephosphatation  nitrous oxide  salinity  nitrite nitrogen
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51108367);陕西省建设厅科技发展计划项目(2015-K61)
作者单位
吕永涛 西安建筑科技大学环境与市政工程学院西安 710055 
党文娟 西安建筑科技大学环境与市政工程学院西安 710055 
周亦桥 西安建筑科技大学环境与市政工程学院西安 710055 
廖正伟 陕西省水务集团水务科技有限公司西安 710000 
贺酰淑 陕西省水务集团水务科技有限公司西安 710000 
王磊 西安建筑科技大学环境与市政工程学院西安 710055 
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中文摘要:
      以驯化好的反硝化除磷污泥为研究对象,通过批式实验考察了NO2--N和NaCl浓度对反硝化除磷率及N2O释放的影响。当进水亚硝酸盐的浓度由15 mg·L-1升高至25和40 mg·L-1时,除磷率由68.81%±0.5%降至66.25%±1%和62.88%±0.8%,TN的去除率由90.6%±0.7%降至74.55%±1.5%和51.65%±2%,N2O释放量分别为4.82、13.83和17.06 mg。当NaCl质量分数为0%、0.5%、1%和2%时,TN的去除率由74.55%±1%降至68%±2%、64.2%±1%和54.3%±2.5%,除磷率由66.37%±1.5%降至61.29%±1%、50.47%±2%和36.7%±0.5%,N2O-N转化率为41.1%±2%、41.4%±2.5%、48.94%±0.6%和51.03%±2%。因此,NO2--N和NaCl质量分数的升高均会降低脱氮除磷效率,但增加了N2O释放量;兼顾脱氮除磷效率前提下,NO2--N为25 mg·L-1、NaCl质量分数为1%是N2O释放量增加的优化条件。
英文摘要:
      The effects of nitrite and salinity on denitrifying phosphorus removal and nitrous oxide emissions were investigated by batch experiments. When the nitrite concentration increased from 15 to 25 and 40 mg·L-1, the phosphorus removal efficiency decreased from 68.81%±0.5% to 66.25%±1% and 62.88%±0.8%, and the total nitrogen removal efficiency decreased from 90.6%±0.7% to 74.55%±1.5% and 51.65%±2%. However, the nitrous oxide emissions increased from 8.82 to 13.83 and 17.06 mg, respectively. With the increase of salinity concentration from 0% to 0.5%, 1% and 2%, the total nitrogen removal efficiency decreased from 74.55%±1% to 68%±2% , 64.2%±1% and 54.3% ± 2.5%, and the phosphorus removal rates decreased from 66.37%±1.5% to 61.29%±1%, 50.47%±2% and 36.7%±0.5%. Correspondingly, 41.1%±1.5%, 41.4%±2.5%, 48.94%± 0.6% and 51.03%±2% of the total nitrogen was converted to nitrous oxide, respectively. In summary, the removal efficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus decreased simultaneously with the increase of the nitrite and salinity concentration, while the nitrous oxide emissions increased. Therefore, the optimum condition was when the nitrite and NaCl concentration were 25 mg·L-1 and 1%, which was better for both the nitrous oxide accumulation and the nitrogen and phosphate removal.
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